The Peruvian sea is characterised by an incredibly large variety of hydro-biological resources, full of rich nutrients in all of its ecosystems. Moreover, Peru’s ocean, rivers and lakes are home to over a thousand different sub-species of fish and other aquatic animals. Anchovy, giant squid, Pacific mackerel, horse mackerel, and bivalves stand out among the most popular. These are fished and exploited under principles of sustainability and responsible fishing that are reinforced by the government’s environment & sustainable development policies.
Peru is considered a world leading producer of fish meal and fish oil. Additionally, it is a key supplier of processed aquatic species for direct human consumption, which contains more added value. The country’s sanitary authority surveys and guarantees the health and quality conditions throughout the entirety of the value chain.
The Peruvian fishing industry stands out as important global supplier of frozen and conserved products packed in hermetic containers. Several species like squid, shrimp, scallops, mahi-mahi, trout, bivalves, and diverse types of seafood are processed and exported to other regional markets.
The catalogue of the processed-fishing industry includes products in several presentations and formats such as whole, filleted, skinned and solid containers. The main species offer by exporters include horse mackerel, Pacific mackerel, tuna, Peruvian sardine (anchovy), and mollusks like Peruvian abalones, clams, razor clams, etc. These products come in different governing liquids, some which are accompanied with vegetables, thus enriching consumer options. Additionally, fresh-refrigerated, dehydrated, and smoked products are also processed and exported. The processes of production are monitored and approved by high-standard systems of quality control, and comply with the sanitary regulations of the most demanding markets.
Peru’s varied climate, its availability of labour markets, and high-quality domestically produced goods, such as fish meal and fish oil, sustain the potential for the development of aquaculture in the country.
The coastal regions are home to most of the largest farms cultivating whiteleg shrimp, scallops, and tilapia, which can work on large scales to meet foreign demand. The cultivation of trout is located in the Andean region, whereas suppliers in the Amazon specialise in ornamental fish on a lesser scale.
The Amazon basin, composed of rivers, lakes, and lagoons, and Lake Titicaca are adequate zones for the cultivation of aquaculture species like trout, silversides, and river shrimp, among many others.
Main destinations for Peruvian seafood exports
– South Korea
– United States