Peru is well-known for its outstanding quality of fruits and vegetables, which comply with international quality standards. Products, characterised by exquisite taste, colour and aroma are produced throughout the year and in the counter-season.
Due to its rich geographical varieties, Peru is considered the ideal place for the development of countless species of animals and plants. Many globally popular vegetables, such as potatoes and tomatoes, have their historical origins in Peru.
Out of the 117 types of life zones existing in the world, 84 are present in Peruvian territory. In addition, the country’s coastal region is the only dry tropical area where the weather is stable and has the conditions of a natural greenhouse.
Due to the country’s close proximity to the equator, its soil receives the highest solar intensity on the planet. This allows the development of a more efficient photosynthesis, improves productivity, and raises the quality of crops (size, consistency, and taste). This is also the reason why Peruvian products enjoy an earlier arrival to the markets of the Northern Hemisphere than their competitors. Along with the presence of these favourable natural conditions, the Peruvian sector of export agriculture has modernised and its processes equal those of developed countries.
Peruvian products comply with the quality and innocuousness standards required by international clients. Companies are certified with international standards such as ISO, HACCP, TESCO, and Global Gap, among others. Furthermore, they comply with strict norms of good agricultural practices that are under the supervision of the sanitary authorities of their main markets. These efforts are complemented by the continuous perfection of the productive procedures and services through the implementation of state-of-the-art technologies.
Peru has specialised in the cultivation of vegetables and fruits, which are exported both fresh and processed (pulp, frozen, conserved, etc.) to market niches that demand goods of high quality. Thus, the training of human resources in activities such as selection and handling is constantly improving. Thanks to these advances, Peru is a world leader in the exports of asparagus, avocados, blueberries, grapes and paprika, among other premium products.
Peru’s natural conditions and its ancestral agricultural tradition, sustained in the use of techniques that do not alter the environment, are comparative advantages to the export of organic products. Peru has more than 607 thousand hectares certified as organic or in transition, and in 2017, it was ranked seventh in the list of countries having the highest number of organic farmers (approx. 86,460) by the International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements. Coffee, banana, and cocoa stand out among the Peruvian organic exports.
Peru has a high potential for the export of products and services based on its biodiversity, which is one of the richest in the world. The policies and practices of ecological, social, and economic sustainability respond to the conservation criteria contemplated by the Agreement of Biological Diversity. The most important exports of this kind are tropical nuts, tara, achiote, giant corn, maca, ornamental fish, camu camu, and quinoa.
Main destinations for Peruvian agricultural exports:
– United States
– United Kingdom
– Hong Kong